According to the Experts’ Definition of History – For some people, listening to history can bring the imagination as if involved in the story of the past. That has a point, because history is reconstructed from stories in the past that involve authentic data, whether sourced from the testimony of the perpetrators of the incident, or other sources. The narrative flows from a true story and actually happened.
In terms of language, according to the Big Indonesian Dictionary, history has three meanings. First, the origin (descent) of genealogy. Second, events and events that actually occurred in the past.
Third, history means knowledge or descriptions of events and incidents that actually occurred in the past. Therefore, if it is related to historical science, then the definition is the study of events or events in the human past, and then a reconstruction of what happened at that time is carried out.
History is closely related to time and events. Historians make periodization to overcome the problem of the importance of time in the reconstruction of history. And, historians have their own definition in interpreting history.
in the book History and Historiography; Directions and Perspectives (1985), history is all events or past events, which aim to understand past, present and future behavior.
In line with that, American historian Robin Winks argues, history is a learning about humans in people’s lives. Then, the German historian, Leopold von Ranke said, history is an event that happens.
Meanwhile, the historian from Indonesia, defines history in more detail. According to him, history is a picture of the human past and its surroundings as a social being that is scientifically compiled and complete. History in it includes the order of the facts of the period with interpretations and explanations that provide an understanding of what has passed.
According to the British historian, Sir Charles Firth, history records human life, ongoing change, records ideas, and records material conditions that help or hinder its development.
However, according to the British historian, John Tosh, history is a collective memory, an experience through the development of a sense of human social identity, and the prospects for this human being in the future.
In the Western world, Herodotus is considered the “father of history”. He together with the historian Thucydides considered it to form the basis for the modern study of human history. Herodotus is a Greek historian who lived in the 5th century AD.
The influence of the science of ancient history helped interpret variants of the nature of history and has continued to evolve to the present day. The study of modern history is also increasingly widespread, including the study of certain areas and the study of certain topics, or thematic elements in historical investigations.
Its historical importance has made it part of the primary and secondary education curricula. History is also a major discipline in research at the university level.