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6 Misleading Conspiracy Theories in the World About Covid – Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) better known as the Corona virus is a new type of coronavirus that is transmitted to humans. This virus can attack anyone, such as the elderly (older groups), adults, children, and infants, including pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.

Conspiracy theories that are widely circulated in the mass media actually make most people believe in these theories and ignore the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes Covid-19, which actually exists. Ironically, the belief in the existence of this variety of conspiracy theories, has had an impact on some people and even had to die. Here are some conspiracy theories of the corona virus that were present during the year of the Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia.

1. Biological laboratory leak
At the beginning of the emergence of the corona virus pandemic in China and spreading in a number of countries in the world, there was speculation that the cause of this pandemic was not from the natural SARS-CoV-2 virus but a biological weapon from a laboratory in China that was leaked.

This rumor claim, as reported by Live Science, Monday (20/4/2020), also mentions that the virus was made as a biological weapon or bioweapon. Researcher at the Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Dr. R Fera Ibrahim MSc SpMK (K) PhD, said the corona virus had existed for a long time, including causing the SARS and MERS outbreaks some time ago. The main source is the coronavirus from bats, which are transmitted through their respective intermediary animals. A study on the Covid-19 pandemic, published in the journal Nature Medicine on March 17, 2020, provides specific evidence that refutes the widespread conspiracy theory, if the coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 was not engineered in a laboratory in China.

2. 5G technology transmits the corona virus

A year ago, in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, a conspiracy theory emerged about 5G technology which reportedly helped transmit (transmit) the corona virus to humans.

This conspiracy theory emerged from the viral video that recorded cell phone towers on fire in Birmingham and Merseyside, England. British mobile networks have reported about 20 cases of cell phone tower poles being targeted in suspected arson attacks over the Easter weekend 2020. Video of the cell phone tower fire was spread on various social media sites Facebook, Instagram and Youtube. To note, the 5G network is a mobile phone network that is carried by radio waves. However, this conspiracy theory claims that the 5G network is responsible for the spread of the corona virus. In fact, scientists have said emphatically that the link between Covid-19 and 5G networks is biologically impossible.

3. Implanting Vaccine Microchips

The next conspiracy theory that is no less horrendous for the Indonesian people is the vaccination program that aims to implant a microchip designed by Bill Gates. According to a study by The New York Times and Zignal Labs, the theories linking Bill Gates to the coronavirus were mentioned 1.2 million times on television or social media between February and April 2020.

This was motivated by a speech in 2015 that warned of a virus in the future. “If anything kills more than 10 million people over the next few decades, it’s likely to be a highly contagious virus rather than war,” he told the audience. From that speech, allegations of conspiracy theories emerged. Some accuse him of being the leader of a global elite class, while others believe he is leading efforts to reduce the world’s population. In addition, this theory is linked to the fact that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded a study conducted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2019 and looked at the possibility of storing a patient’s vaccination history in color patterns.

Bill Gates also admitted that he was surprised when he learned that he had been accused of being the figurehead of such theories. “It’s a pain that there’s so much craziness. When we develop a vaccine, we want 80 percent of the population to get it,” Bill said. Still launching the BBC, political scientist at the University of Miami and author of books on conspiracy theories, Professor Joseph Uscinski believes that all because Bill is rich and famous. “Conspiracy theories are about accusing powerful people of bad things. The theories are basically the same, only the name has changed,” said Joseph. “Before Bill Gates, there were George Soros and the Koch brothers, the Rothchilds and the Rockefellers who shared the same fate,” he continued.

4. Conspiracy theories from the government

However, the emerging conspiracy theories also provide many opportunities for governments in a number of countries. As reported by the New York Times, anticipating political attacks by taking advantage of the coronavirus pandemic, many governments are trading in their own false claims.

A senior Chinese official pushed claims the virus was introduced into the country by members of the United States Army. Worse, the accusations were allowed to thrive on China’s tightly controlled social media. In Venezuela, President Nicolás Maduro suggested the virus as an American bioweapon destined for China. In Iran, officials have called the coronavirus outbreak a plan to suppress voting there. Even outlets that support the Russian government, including branches in Western Europe, have promoted claims that the United States engineered the virus to damage China’s economy. Misguided claims are also rife in Italy, as the country with the highest number of coronavirus cases in Europe. Matteo Salvini, leader of Italy’s anti-migrant League Party, wrote on Twitter that China had designed a ‘lung supervirus’ from ‘bats and mice’.

Also Read : A Proven Conspiracy Theory

5. Claim the World Doctors Alliance

In the 30-minute video, seven doctors representing Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, Ireland and the UK claim that the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is a common cold virus and there is no Covid-19 pandemic. They also said that the worldwide lockdown aimed at preventing the spread of the coronavirus must end. On their website, the alliance is described as a group of independent, non-profit health professionals who have come together to end the lockdown.

“I want to state that there is no pandemic or medical epidemic,” said Elke de Klerk, who identified himself as a general practitioner from the Netherlands in the video. This video has been removed from YouTube and part of it is circulating on Facebook and other social media platforms such as Instagram. Moreover, this statement from the World Physician Alliance was refuted by many other world scientists and researchers. Scientists firmly say that the cause of the current Covid-19 pandemic is the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, and this is not a type of influenza virus.

6. Plandemic; Judy Mikovits

The corona conspiracy theory also came from a scientist named Dr Judy Mikovits. The name Judy Mikovits was widely discussed after she uploaded a video with the nuances of a documentary called Plandemic on YouTube, early last May. In the 26-minute video, the woman asserts that the coronavirus pandemic is something big pharmaceutical companies have created.